The 14th day of September commemorates the Hindi Diwas which is celebrated all over the country as a nationalistic recall of the day when “Hindi” written in Devanagiri script was declared the official language of India in the constituent assembly in 14th September, 1949 under the article 343, which otherwise came to effect on 26th January,1965. Since that Day Hindi was declared the mother tongue of India and celebration of this day is done by hosting events, competitions and various other services in schools, colleges, organizations and government offices.
Awards are distributed at this day by the President of India to the people for the superiority in different fields related to the Hindi at the Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi. Majorly Rajbhasha Kirti Puraskar and Rajbhasha Gaurav Puraskar are two awards that are distributed by the Government on this day.
Hindi unifies millions of people and it is our duty to show respect towards our national language. Below are some facts that you should know as an Indian on Hindi our national language:
- The word Hindi has been derived from a Persian word Hind, which means the land of Indus river
- Hindi is a descendent of Sanskrit.
- The earliest form of Hindi was called 'Apabhramsa', which was an offspring of Sanskrit.
- Hindi is the first language of around 430 million people around the world
- Apart from India, the language is also spoken in Nepal, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, Suriname, Fiji and Mauritius. Hindi and Nepalese share the same script – Devnagari.
- In Hindi adjectives and verbs are used specific to gender and all nouns posses a gender.
- Many English words have been derived from Hindi, such as chutney, loot, bungalow, guru, jungle, karma, yoga, thug, avatar and so on
- Hindi belongs to the Indo-Iranian sub-family of the Indo-European family of language.
- Hindi has been influenced and enriched by Turkish, Arabic, Persian, English and Dravidian (ancient South India) languages.
- The first book believed to be published in Hindi was Prem Sagar. The book was published by Lalloo Lal and depicted tales of Krishna.
Speaking good English is considered a mark of good communication skill as per social norms. It is true that English is a globally accepted language but all schools in the country promote this language to the extent that there are punishments for students who converse in HINDI. It is an ironic situation for the country where HINDI is the official language and in countries like USA children are given special tuitions to learn Hindi. It is required all the schools and colleges of India should help students develop the importance of both English and Hindi to enhance the cognitive skills of the students and also to keep the glory of HINDI alive. HINDI should be both preached and propagated in India by lifting up the barriers for its usage in institutions and organizations so that we should feel proud of the language and should not be ashamed to use it when we converse with people other than our domestic helpers. Hindi is our culture and our true identity which is sadly under the shackles of modernity, let us all take a resolution to restore the glory of this beautiful language this HINDI DIWAS!
HINDI HAIN HUM WATAN HAIN ………HINDUSTAN HUMARA!!
By- Sakshi Kapoor